Early history of Jamberoo
The cedar getters were the first white people in the Jamberoo Valley, coming in as early as 1810, but it wasn’t until the land grants given out by Governors from the early 1820’s, that the Jamberoo Valley developed beyond rough and ready loggers camps. Jamberoo was the first thriving town in our Municipality as it was on the main rail route from Sydney to Nowra and from the Southern Highlands to the south coast.
Although there were other settlers here, prior to Michael Hyam, his large land grant (he named it Sarah’s Valley) created the beginning of the village that became the present day Jamberoo. By the 1830’s, Jamberoo was a bustling village with stores in abundance. Hyam built a public house (The Harp Inn), stores, blacksmith shop, tannery and boot makers and a race course. Hyam sold his property in 1846 to Robert Owen, who ultimately divided the estate into lots of 10-40 acres.
In 1838 the Woodstock Mills were built on the bank of the Minnamurra River, 100m west of the Jamberoo/Albion Park Road, creating another village. Woodstock Village became a busy community with a flour and saw mill, a brewery and 2 hotels, piggery, cooperage and bacon factory and over 80 residents. The mills had a series of financial problems and was ultimately demolished in 1873, leaving no trace of Woodstock mills or village today. Jamberoo was incorporated as a Local Government Unit in August 1859 (the same year as Kiama), but was amalgamated into the Kiama Municipality in 1954.
The land holders and residents of this community were very industrious, although by the 1870’s, realising that dairying was the best use of the cleared land. An Ice factory was build on the slopes of Saddleback Mountain in 1850’s, the Robb family (Riversdale) started a vineyard and tried growing sugarcane, John Colley (Longbrush) grew sugar cane and sorghum, Edwin Vidler (Curramore) grew hops and made bricks, the Boyles had a sandstone quarry, and coal was mined on Samuel Vidler’s property at Stockyard Mountain and other locations. Corn was grown on many landholdings for stock feed and to be ground into flour.
There were four butter factories in the Jamberoo Valley in the late 1800’s, but before they were established the farming family had the arduous task of making the butter by hand. The dairy farm of the early 1800’s was particularly demanding on the farming family. All the family would assist with the early morning and afternoon milking as well as feeding calves and other livestock, growing animal feed, tending to the vegetable garden and orchard, making bread, jams, butter and the usual farm maintenance of fencing, weeding and clearing the land in the first place. After long and busy days on the farm, there probably wasn’t a lot of energy left for entertainment but the Jamberoo valley residents had regular corn husking parties, church gatherings, picnics and race meetings. The railway extension to Kiama in 1888 and the bridge over the Minnamurra river meant Jamberoo was finally bypassed, after being a central transport location for many years.
George St (now Allowrie St), Jamberoo.
Jamberoo School of Arts building and group of people out the front. Possibly a Church of England Flower Show.
Lady in horse drawn buggy, Jamberoo c.1912.